Hakijamii Programs


Land, Housing & Litigation

The Land, Housing and Litigation program supports interventions that support the realization of the Right to Adequate Housing as envisioned under Article 43 of the Constitution of Kenya 2010.

We use a Human Rights-Based Approach (HRBA) to ensure all citizens have the enjoyment to the right to adequate housing including protection from Forced Evictions.

In a bid to foster the progressive realization of the Right to Adequate Housing, we seek to address several basic and crucial rights auxiliary to the enjoyment of this right which includes inter alia;

  1. The question of Land Rights, access to social-economic structures for social security,
  2. The issues of Water Health and Sanitation without which adequate housing cannot be achieved,
  3. Addressing issues of marginalization and historical injustice reinforcing discrimination of already vulnerable communities,
  4. Seeking redress for partners with a rampant or real risk of infringement of their Human Rights,
  5. Establishing and preserving avenues for dialogue to shape policy discussion affecting the Kenyan Human Rights Landscape.

The Land Housing and Litigation Programme support the Organization’s mandate through; Establishing and maintaining Social Justice Movements to support targeted and coordinated advocacy intervention on Matters Housing at a National and County Level, Designing and Implementation of Community and Partner capacity strengthening on the Right to Adequate Housing, Land and all auxiliary Rights, Reviewed, simplified and disseminated Policy and Legislative information affecting socio economic rights of the People of Kenya, Conducting research on the true reflection on the realities of Housing in Kenya with targeted dissemination to influence Policy interventions at both levels of government, Building the capacity of Communities to understand the Alternative Dispute Resolution Framework and how to explore them as options for the protection of Housing Rights, Engaging in ground breaking Litigation to influence jurisprudence on Housing Matters and protect the Rights of the Communities facing eminent risk of violation of Housing Rights. Identified and Mapped the Capacity Gaps within the community networks, we have developed and are implementing a capacity strengthening strategy for our communities in;

  1. Kibos, Kisumu County
  2. Likoni, Mombasa County
  3. Kibra, Nairobi County

We are further reviewing new partnerships with communities that have approached us for partnership as we seek to build bigger Social Movement Networks.

  • Held Partner and Community engagement on the impending Constitutional Discourse with the aim of influencing the final outcome of the Building Bridges Initiative
  • Designed and are implementing and advocacy Strategy on the Evictions and Resettlement Procedures Bill 2019 Responding to the delays within the Judicial System in relation to the protection of the Right to Adequate Housing for the urban poor,
  • We have received and compiled matters from the community actors which bring out the lapses in the Justice system on responding to affirmation of Land and Housing Rights,
  • We seek to have a Public Shadow Hearing forum for the communities to engage in highlighting their experience with the justice system in their journey to protect their rights,
  • We further seek to present the community with shadow decisions on the matters as well as highlighting the gaps that will need to be addressed for proper administration of justice,
  • We plan to conduct the legal aid clinics to enhance the legal support to community actors otherwise unable to have access to these service, These clinics will further enable us to have clarity on;
    • The overriding human rights issues in the different regions we operate in,
    • Matters we can take up as Public Interest Litigation with capacity to influence jurisprudence on Human Rights in Kenya.
    • Present avenues for communities to be linked with pro bono lawyers and the matters taken to completion should the need arise.
  • Conduct research on the innovative ways we can employ to achieve the preservation of Human Rights of our targeted beneficiaries as well as attain or gear toward the attainment of the organization Mandate.

Partnerships with different organizations working in the Land, Housing and Litigation sector We have partnered with the Housing Coalition, Land Non State Actors (LSNSA), Kenya Land Alliance (KLA). Pamoja Trust, Muungano wa Wanavijiji, Social Movements from different informal settlements in Nairobi, KISORA, Coast Land Non State Actors.


Policy, Research & Budgeting

Hakijamii recognizes that policy research and budget work is important to advance socio-economic rights in the country.

The programme provides a platform for both community groups and the Civil Society Organizations for informed discussions to influence public policy both counties and national levels. The platforms are used to influence decision making to ensure public resources are being used effectively to meet public needs. We seek open, active and informed debates on public policy issues and undertake research to further inform policy dialogue and influence policy. The Policy, Research and Budgeting Programme supports Hakijamii through:

  • Review and identification of policy gaps on existing policy documents such Land Act 2012, national Slum Upgrading and Prevention Policy, School Re-entry Policy 1994 etc.
  • Conducting Social Accountability through use of Score Cards Capacity Building training citizens both at the county and national levels on budget cycle, budget preparation and use of alternative budgeting methods.
  • Actively engaged in Budget Analysis, Tracking, monitoring and implementation at the county and national levels.
  • Advocated for ease of access to public information e.g. access to planning and budgeting documents, access of progress implementation reports,
  • Developed budget monitoring tools and reports e.g. use of GIS Mapping, Scorecards, Social audits. Conducting research on various aspects on access to basic services, benefit sharing, citizen participation guidelines, state of housing in Kenya.
  • Developed Simplified publications, tools and materials to assist in budget tracking and dissemination of relevant information.
  • Pioneer organization to undertake “People’s Budget” in Kenya since 2007

Partnerships with organizations working on Budget and Policy Research: We have partnered with various organizations to enhance the Policy Research and Budgeting Programme: The International Budget Partnership (IBP), Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA), Social Movements working in different counties in Kenya, County Governments including Nairobi, Mombasa and Kakamega Counties.


Water, Health & Sanitation

The right to water and sanitation has been articulated under Article 43 of the Constitution of Kenya, thus it is an obligation of the state to take steps including legislative, policy and standard-setting towards the achievement of these rights.

Moreover, the state and its organs have a fundamental duty to observe, respect, protect and promote these rights, therefore significant steps including sufficient allocation of resources, formulation, and implementation of progressive policies are indispensable. Advocating for the realization of these rights remains a substantial agenda for Hakijamii. Building on the gains made over the years, the institution actively participates in a number of processes aimed at improving the state of accessing water and sanitation, especially for marginalized communities in low-income urban areas.

On the Water Programme Hakijamii has made the following strides:

  • Policy advocacy on the Water Act 2016
  • Close collaboration with the Water Services Regulatory Board (WASREB) to re-organize the structure of Water Action Groups (WAGs) in Nairobi, Garissa and Mombasa to align their functions with the provisions of the Water Act 2016.
  • Actively engaged in revamping public water projects in Mukuru informal settlement by working with the Water Monitoring Team and the Water Action Groups in the community to follow up on the ongoing and stalled water and sanitation projects.

Partnerships with Water and Sanitation organizations Hakijamii is sustaining its efforts in collaboration with KEWASNET to promote accountability in WASH through strategic training and engagement of CSO and communities on social accountability. Strengthening the capacities of CSOs and communities leads to effective resource utilization to address WASH challenges especially in urban informal settlements.
Hakijamii is a member of Water and Sanitation for All (SWA); a global partnership committed to achieving universal access to clean drinking water and adequate sanitation for all. The organization is also a co-convener and a member of the Directors Forum under the Kenya SDG Forum reporting on goal 6 that tackles water and sanitation targets. Hakijamii continues to be a strong voice and to actively and meaningfully contribute in the networks’ efforts in monitoring the progressive realization of the right to water and sanitation in Kenya and across the world.


Access to quality and affordable healthcare is a fundamental human right. Article 43 of the Constitution of Kenya provides that every person has the right to the highest attainable standard of health, which includes the right to health care services, including reproductive health care. Governance for health has remained the most daunting component of healthcare delivery in Kenya. The devolution of health services to counties envisioned a robust healthcare system that would comprehensively respond to the needs of the people. Although some progress has been recorded, significant gaps have been documented including poor services, unequipped facilities, and lack of drugs, inadequate physical accessibility, affordability and quality among others. With the health sector in Kenya experiencing a myriad of challenges, Hakijamii’s focus has been on:

  • Building social capital to ensure accountability and prioritization of community generated healthcare issues in county budget and plans.
  • Mobilization and organizing of community groups and community health volunteers to meaningfully influence decision making at the county level in Mombasa and Kakamega Counties.
  • Mombasa County Health Advocacy Network and Kakamega County Health Reference Group have emanated from efforts by Hakijamii to consolidate and harmonize the efforts of non-state actors in the health sector.
  • Training Civil Society Organization on Policy Advocacy and Analysis of Health related laws in Kenya Research on different health aspects including impact of procurement on the right to health Surveys and Score card reports on the functionality of level 2 and 3 hospitals at the county level. In collaboration with the People’s Health Movement (PHM) undertook a nationwide survey on perceptions of the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Kenya.
  • Strengthening the already existing health rights advocacy platforms at the county level to grow them into sustainable social movements with active citizens demanding for accountability and good governance specifically in the health sector.

Consequently, accountability has taken on a high degree of importance because health care now constitutes a major budgetary expenditure in all counties with Kakamega spending 23% of its budget on health and Mombasa spending 21%, therefore proper accounting for the use of these funds is a high priority for Hakijamii. Partnerships with other organizations in the Health Sector We are working with like-minded actors to engage in sustained advocacy against corruption and inefficiencies especially at the county level hospitals. As an innovative way to address this challenge, we are currently releasing bi-annual score cards on the perception of corruption in the health sector in Mombasa and Kakamega County. We have also conducted extensive research on Nationwide Perception on UHC in Kenya through PHM, as well as the Impact of Government Procurement Procedures on Provision of Health Services in Kakamega County, among other research papers. Currently, we have concluded an assessment of the factors that hinder enjoyment of health as a public good in urban informal settlements, and we anticipate that the study’s findings and recommendations will inform policy, legislative and administrative reforms towards realization of health as a right.


Education & Policy Research

Access to education is still compromised in various parts of the country with the marginalized groups and pastoral communities bearing the brunt of inaccessibility and inequality.

Hakijamii in collaboration with other stakeholders has endeavored to advocate for the full realization of the right to education as per Article 43 of the Constitution of Kenya through active advocacy, creating awareness and promotion of the right to education, policy engagement, public interest litigation, conducting research and advocating for resource allocation. The Education Programme Contributes to Hakijamii’s overall Mission through the following approaches:

  • Active Global and National campaigns and advocacy on the realization of Free and Compulsory Basic Education.
  • Strengthening the capacity of marginalized communities and creating space for them to participate directly and effectively in defining, advocating and realizing the right to education.
  • Conducting research and survey on the state of Non formal schools in Nairobi Informal settlements which focused on Mukuru, Mathare and Kibra to further advocacy engagements within Non formal schools in Nairobi County on APBET Policy and APBET Guidelines 2015.
  • Development of Right to Education Index which highlighted important indicators on access and availability of quality education in Kenya. This initiative further informed our international Level advocacy with RESULTS Canada and RTEI where we developed a blog highlighting the inadequacies in education in Kenya and a Photo-essay highlighting effects of Teenage Pregnancies on the Right to Education in Kakamega County.
  • Actively participated in campaigns against privatization of education in Kenya.
  • Actively involved in creating awareness, sensitization campaigns and policy engagements in relation to keeping pregnant girls in school.
  • Dialogue forums with the Ministry of Education and other relevant stakeholders on inclusion of Comprehensive Sex Education in the primary and secondary school syllabus for effective re-entry back to school for teenage mothers.
  • Review of existing policies and guidelines in relation to access of Right to Education which includes APBET Policy 2009, APBET Guidelines 2016, 1994 Return to School Policy, 2009 National School Health Policy and National Re-Entry Guidelines for Learners in Basic Education.
  • Jointly Submitted Parallel Report on Economic & Social Rights to the Human Rights Council on the status of the realization of the right to education in Kenya to the United Nations Human Rights Cycle for the 3rd Universal Periodic Review.
  • Actively involved in Joint submission of Civil Society Organization complementary report to the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in response to 2nd and 3rd periodic report for republic of Kenya with our main focus on how to establish more public schools in urban informal settlements, implementation of National Pre-Primary Education Policy 2017, review and dissemination of APBET policy and guidelines and Enforcement of school re- entry policy.
  • Organized Human Rights Club at Mbagathi Primary School with the aim to create awareness and sensitize the teachers on aspects of Human Rights, Teach the children on their rights and responsibilities and nature future human rights defenders.

Partnerships with Organizations working on Education The Education Programme has advanced partnerships with different organizations both locally and internationally which include: Elimu Yetu Coalition (EYC), EACHrights, Global Initiative, RTEI, RESULTS Canada and RESULTS UK.

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